Types and signs of learning disorders

All children have trouble with their homework from time to time, but if the difficulties, whether in one area or all around, appear to be systematic then this may be an indication of a learning difficulty or disorder. As a parent, you must make sure that your kid gets the right kind of help in overcoming the challenges of school work and in order to be able to do that, you have to gather all the information you can about this type of disorders and disabilities. The very first thing you need to know is that the very term of learning disabilities umbrellas a wide array of problems that have nothing to do with a child’s intelligence or even motivation, as kids with learning disorders are neither dumb nor lazy, but simply have brains that are differently wired, which significantly affects the way they receive information and process it, whether it is visual or audio information, or the way they understand things.

 

Learning disabilities manifest themselves differently from on child to another and especially depending on the age of a kid. For instance, preschool signs of learning disorders may include problems with words pronunciation and finding the right term, as well as difficulty in learning routines and following directions or having trouble with coordination, such as controlling pencils and crayons or tying their shoes. On the other hand, symptoms of learning disabilities in children between the age of 5 and 9 include confusion of words, difficulty in learning the connection between sounds and letters, misspelling of words and having trouble with basic math concepts. Once children advance in age, the signs and symptoms change and they may be facing problems with open-ended test questions, reading comprehension, handwriting and expressing thoughts out loud, as well as they may dislike reading aloud or reading and writing all the same. Whatever your kid’s age is, it is important to identify whether or not his or her problems are an indication of a learning disability, which you can more easily identify if you pay special attention to developmental milestones, especially in the case of toddlers and preschoolers. The earlier you detect a systematic problem, the easier it will be to correct it.

 

The types of learning disabilities are dependent on the skill they affect. For example, dyslexia is a reading disorder that involves difficulty in letter and word recognition, reading fluency and speed, understanding words and ideas and general vocabulary skills. Learning disabilities in reading can be of two types: problems with understanding the connection between letters, sounds and words and problems in understanding the meaning of words or phrases. When it comes to math skills, the learning disorder is called dyscalculia and it refers to difficulties in memorization and organization of numbers and operation signs, as well as counting principles. Children who suffer from dyscalculia may also have trouble with telling time. Dysgraphia is a writing disability which can also be of two types: it can imply the physical inability to write or the mental inability to comprehend and synthesize information in writing. To that extent, children who are affected by this type of learning disorders will have trouble with spelling, copying letters and words, organized writing and coherence, as well as consistency of their writing.

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